Controlling Phosphorus Pollution from Developed Lands

ARPA Funding Overview

The Vermont General Assembly has allocated $5.5 million to help Vermont citizens and businesses follow new rules for properties with three or more acres of impervious surfaces (e.g. rooftops, paved or gravel areas) that require pollution-reducing stormwater treatment. In addition to this, the Vermont Clean Water Board has directed $3.5 million in ARPA funds under their authority to complement the General Assembly’s appropriation. In total, $9 million are available to support this work.

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Property owners with three or more acres of “impervious surfaces” are required to install modern stormwater treatment practices. Stormwater treatment practices at these 3-Acre sites are essential to implement the Lakes Champlain and Memphremagog phosphorus pollution cleanup plans. It will cost approximately $260 million to implement the 3-Acre requirements in the Champlain and Memphremagog watersheds. A significant ARPA investment will support and accelerate this work. The Governor proposed a total of $60 million in ARPA funding to be allocated between State Fiscal Year 2022-2025.


The initial $5.5 million will be used to provide landowners and municipalities with technical support on permitting aspects, construction oversight and construction. Funding will support landowners as well as public-private partnerships.    

Landowner Support part one: State-sponsored contracts for engineering analysis and permitting services will be available for affected landowners to meet the 3-Acre permit requirements. Three million dollars are available to support this effort. Private landowners subject to the permit requirements will be eligible to receive support under part one, and maximum award amounts are being determined. The State will initiate this part of the program in the fall of 2021.

Landowner Support part two: ARPA funds will be used to support engineering services providers. These providers will help private landowners with engineering services including construction oversight and may potentially provide rebates for construction to offset costs. Eligible entities include the private and municipal owners with affected parcels. Maximum award amounts are being determined. Contract procurement for part one engineering services contracts will begin in the fall of 2021.

Public- Private Partnerships: DEC will issue a request for proposals for up to 10 large individual grants to design and construct stormwater treatment practices. The locations have already been identified for public-private partnerships that serve the joint needs of private landowners and their sponsoring municipalities. Such projects will be eligible for this funding during fall-winter of this year to support construction in 2022. The State will initiate this part of the program in late fall of 2021 by issuing a request for proposals to municipalities that have already developed public-private partnerships.  

Equity Considerations

ARPA funds will help disadvantaged communities address the public health and economic crises caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and help protect them from future crises. The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation will prioritize inclusion and engagement with under-represented groups to advance environmental justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion through design and delivery.

Contact: Neil Kamman, , 802-490-6137