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Treating Stormwater Runoff

ARPA Funding Overview

The Vermont General Assembly has allocated $5.5 million to help Vermont citizens and businesses follow new rules for properties with three or more acres of impervious surfaces (e.g. rooftops, paved or gravel areas) that require pollution-reducing stormwater treatment. In addition to this, the Vermont Clean Water Board has directed $3.5 million in ARPA funds under their authority to complement the General Assembly’s appropriation. In total, $9 million are available to support this work.


Property owners with three or more acres of “impervious surfaces” are required to install modern stormwater treatment practices. Stormwater treatment practices at these 3-Acre sites are essential to implement the Lakes Champlain and Memphremagog phosphorus pollution cleanup plans. It will cost approximately $260 million to implement the 3-Acre requirements in the Champlain and Memphremagog watersheds. A significant ARPA investment will support and accelerate this work. The Governor proposed a total of $60 million in ARPA funding to be allocated between State Fiscal Year 2022-2025.


The initial $5.5 million is being used to provide landowners and municipalities with technical support on permitting aspects, construction oversight, and construction. Funding will support landowners as well as public-private partnerships. 

Landowner Support part one: Under a draft plan, rebates covering a portion of permit obtainment costs will be available for affected landowners to meet the 3-Acre permit requirements. Four million dollars are available to support this effort. Private landowners subject to the permit requirements will be eligible to receive support under part one, and the maximum rebate amount per project will be $9,000. The State will initiate this part of the program in the spring of 2022.  For more details, please refer to the Draft 3-Acre Stormwater Permitting Services Rebate Program description linked below (draft dated: April 11, 2022).

Draft Rebate Program Information

Landowner Support part two: ARPA funds will be used to support engineering services providers. These providers will help private landowners with engineering services including construction oversight and may potentially provide rebates for construction to offset costs. Eligible entities include the private and municipal owners with affected parcels. Maximum award amounts are being determined. Contract procurement for part one engineering services contracts will begin in the fall of 2022.

Public- Private Partnerships: DEC issued a request for proposals for up to 10 large individual grants to design and construct stormwater treatment practices. The locations have already been identified for public-private partnerships that serve the joint needs of private landowners and their sponsoring municipalities. The State initiated this part of the program in late fall of 2021 by issuing a request for proposals to municipalities that have already developed public-private partnerships.  Seven projects were selected for funding and are in the process of implementation.  

Equity Considerations

ARPA funds will help disadvantaged communities address the public health and economic crises caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and help protect them from future crises. The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation will prioritize inclusion and engagement with under-represented groups to advance environmental justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion through design and delivery.

More Information

  • Sign up to receive updates.
  • Watch this webinar to find out more about the funding that's available.
  • Explore this powerpoint,
  • Read the FAQs.
  • Contact Meagan Stettnisch, ANR's 3-Acre ARPA funding coordinator if you have questions or want to share feedback: | (802) 249-2413.